Title IX - USA Athletics Scholarships

College Athletics

Collegiate sport is referred to somewhat confusingly as ‘athletics’. Athletics, as we know it, is instead referred to as track and field.

The following list shows all the sports that are on offer. The majority of schools will choose their sports in alignment with their athletic department’s preferences and allocate funds respectively. On average, most universities will offer between 14-24 of these sports.

Fall Sports (Autumn) : Cross country (M,W), Field Hockey (W), Football (M), Soccer (M,W), Volleyball (W), Water Polo (M)

Winter Sports : Basketball (M,W), Bowling (W), Fencing (M,W), Gymnastics (M,W), Ice Hockey (M,W), Rifle (M,W), Skiing (M,W), Swimming and Diving (M,W), Indoor Track and Field (M,W), Wreslting (M)

Spring Sports : Baseball (M), Golf (M,W), Lacrosse (M,W), Rowing (W), Softball (W), Tennis (M,W), Outdoor Track and Field (M,W), Volleyball (M), Water Polo (W)

Those with a keen eye for detail will have spotted that there is an extra sport offered for females over their male counterparts. That is the result of Title IX.

Title IX

Football is the centrepiece of almost every athletic program. It generates the most income and TV exposure in nine out of every ten universities. It also has the most scholarships available of any sport. While cross country and track scholarships are limited to 12.6 for men and 18 for women, football can have a roster of almost 100 with 86 full scholarships available between the team. Since football is a male only sport, schools were forced to either introduce additional female sports or to cut existing mens’ sports to equal the ratio. Schools without a large budget were reduced to trimming their athletic programs. High profile examples have been the shelving of Seton Hall track team and Oregon State’s mens’ track team.

This was the result of Title IX

Title IX states:

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

This makes it much easier to be awarded a scholarship if you are a female prospective student-athlete.
A full Title IX FAQ section is available here.

Word of advice

Bear in mind that not all schools will have the full quota of scholarships available because of Title IX and financial constraints. Some track programs may only have 3 or 4 scholarships per sport, and in a few cases even none. How well funded the overall athletic program is usually is a decent indicator of the level of support you will receive too. i.e. training gear, physiotherapy, mode of transport, level and frequency of competitions.

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